Historical Background and Profile
Introduction of Diving (Updated as of 25 Jan 2016)
Oct 16, 2007 at 11:12 PM

Eligibility Rules For Diving Representatives of Hong Kong

Divers who have valid HKASA athlete registration (Diving Discipline) and should continuously reside in Hong Kong for over one year can dive in local Diving Championships organized by HKASA (i.e. Hong Kong Age Group Diving Championships, Hong Kong Open Diving Championships and Hong Kong Novice Diving Championships) and be eligible to hold Hong Kong Diving Competition records. 

Registered divers must fulfill the following requirements to represent Hong Kong in international diving competitions,

I.  Divers must be holders of HKSAR passport*.

II.  Divers who were born in Hong Kong and have never represented any other country in any sport at any level. 

III.  Divers who were born in Hong Kong and have represented another country in sport.  These Divers must first reside in Hong Kong over three years * and then file a petition with the HKASA to change their sporting nationality to Hong Kong. Divers must continue to meet the Diving Residency Requirements. 

IV.  Divers who were not born in Hong Kong. These Divers must first reside in Hong Kong over three years*, and then file a petition to the HKASA for Hong Kong sports nationality.  Divers must continue to meet the Diving Residency Requirements. 

V.  Divers should fulfill eligibility rules as set by International Olympic Committee (“IOC”), International Swimming Federation (“FINA”), Asian Swimming Federation (“AASF”) and Sports Federation & Olympic Committee of Hong Kong, China (“SF & OC”) and applied to respective competitions.

VI.  Divers should actively participate in diving competitions held by the HKASA in the past three years.

VII.  Divers should have good attitude and discipline.

VIII.  Divers should reach the “Basic Requiring Scores” for oversea diving competitions set by the HKASA.

IX.  For the divers who need to leave Hong Kong and temporarily reside elsewhere due to further education, they must participate in the Hong Kong Open Diving Championships held by the HKASA every year.

X.  If HKASA cannot arrange a selection trial for a specific oversea competition, the result of the divers in the latest Hong Kong Open Diving Championships would be used to select suitable athletes for open format competitions. For age group format competitions, the results of the latest Hong Kong Age Group Diving Championships would be used.

*  Divers must be holders of HKSAR passport to take part in major international competition.

*  The three years residency rules stipulates that the diver's normal residence must be in Hong Kong for the entire year immediately before the diver's registration/petition to the HKASA as a Hong Kong Diver.  The residency must be for a continuous period of at least three years and is NOT an accumulation of the time a Diver has spent in Hong Kong over a period of time.

Diving General Residency Requirement

Divers must fall into one the following two categories in order to satisfy the Diving Residency Requirement:

Category A

Divers who generally reside in Hong Kong.

Category B

Divers who need to leave Hong Kong and temporarily reside elsewhere due to further education must fulfill the following:

A.  Divers may not represent any other country in any sport at any level.

B.  Divers must stay in touch with the HKASA Diving Committee through their respective club, coach, or National Coach.

C.  Diver's family must reside in Hong Kong.

Should any dispute arise from the above rules or if any situation occurs which is not covered by the above rules, a final decision will be made by a duly constituted meeting of the Diving Committee.

In order for RECORDS obtained in overseas competitions to be recognized in Hong Kong, Divers must obtain prior sanction from the HKASA to compete at the overseas meet. 

Outline of H.K.A.S.A Water Polo Activities 2007-2008
Oct 16, 2007 at 10:49 PM



  • Scrimmage practice in training sessions.
  • Summer National & Junior Water Polo Championships
  • HKASA School Invitational Water Polo Championships
  • HKASA Schools Invitational Water Polo Winter League
  • 9th Asia Pacific Water Polo Tournament
  • Winter Deep Water Polo Championships


  • Philippines Invitational Water Polo Competition
  • Thailand Invitational Water Polo Championships
  • 5th Asian Age Group Swimming Championships
  • China Junior National Water Polo Championships
  • China National Water Polo Championships
  • Malaysia Open Water Polo Championships
  • Yuet Sau Hong Kong Cup
  • Guam Invitational Championships

* Programs may change without notice.

Oct 16, 2007 at 09:06 PM

What is Water Polo?

Water Polo is a fast and exciting Sport which requires tremendous swimming ability, stamina, coordination and the ability to work as a team.


The sport originated in the rivers and lakes of mid-nineteenth century England as an aquatic version of rugby. Early games used an inflated, vulcanised rubber ball imported from India known as a “PULU” (the Indian word for all “balls”). Pronounced “POLO” by the English, both the ball and the game became known as water polo.

At first, players scored by planting the ball on the end of the pool with both hands. A favourite trick of the players was to place the 5 to 9 inch ball inside their swimming suit and dive under the murky water, then appear as near the goal as possible. If the player came up too near the goal, he was promptly jumped on by the goalie, who was permitted to stand on the pool deck. Games were often nothing short of gang fights in the water as players ignored the ball, preferring underwater wrestling matches that usually ended with one man floating to the surface unconscious.

By 1900 water polo was so popular that it became the first team sport added to the Olympic Program.

The Game

The playing area is 30 X 20 metres for games played by men and 25 X 20 metres for games played by women. The depth of the water shall not be less than 2M.

Each Team is allowed 13 players, with 7 (a goalkeeper and 6 field players) participating at any one time. Caps shall be of contrasting colour, other than solid red, as approved by the referees, but also to contrast with the colour of the ball. Players tread water the entire game and cannot touch the bottom or sides of the pool. Except for the goalkeeper, players may handle the ball with only one hand.

The game is played in four quarters, each quarter being 8 minutes in length with 2 minutes intervals between first and second period and between third and fourth period and 5 minutes interval between the second and third period. There are a total of 4 periods in each game. In the case of a tie, two 3 minutes periods of overtime are played. If the score is tied after overtime, penalty shootout will be played.

Substitutions are most common after a goal is scored, between periods, or for an ejected player. Players can also substitute by swimming to their bench corner and tagging an entering player. Each team is allowed two time-outs in a game. However, an extra time-out can be requested if extra time is played.

Physical contact is the rule rather than the exception, as the players manoeuvre for position in front of the goal. The referee indicates fouls by blowing a whistle and using hand signals to point out the location of the foul and the attacking direction of the fouled player. Unlike most sports that stop on a whistle, ball can put back in play without referees whistle. When a free throw is awarded the defenders can raise one arm only (not two).

A goal (1 point) is scored when the ball is thrown or pushed completely past the face of the goal. One point win be rewarded to opposing team if own goal scored.


Each quarter is started with the teams lined up on opposite goal lines. On a signal (whistle) from the referee, the teams sprint towards the centre of the pool where the referee tosses the ball in to the water. The team gaining possession of the ball advances it towards its offensive end of the pool by swimming, dribbling or passing the ball.


There are two types of foul in water polo – ordinary fouls which account for approximately 90% of the whistles during the game, and major fouls. Players are allowed 3 major fouls before they foul out of the game.

Common Ordinary Fouls include:

- Touching the ball with two hands

- Taking the ball under water when tackled

- Impeding an opponent who is not holding the ball

- Pushing off an opponent

- Stalling (failing to shoot or advance the ball within 30 seconds)

When the referee calls an ordinary foul, the offended team is awarded a free throw at or behind the point of the foul. A player cannot shoot the ball on a free throw, unless the foul occurred beyond five metres away from the goal. The player shall immediately throw it with an uninterrupted movement directly at the goal.

Common Exclusion Fouls include:

- Kicking or striking

- Deliberate splashing in the face

- An ordinary foul committed by the defence during dead time

- Interfering with the taking of a free throw

- Misconduct or disrespect to the referee

- Holding, sinking or pulling back an opponent not holding the ball

Exclusion fouls result in a player being excluded for 20 seconds. A player with 3 major fouls is removed from the game.

9th Hong Kong Open Water Swimming Competition
Oct 16, 2007 at 06:15 PM


Registered Official Menu
Oct 16, 2007 at 04:31 PM

2008-09 Rules & Regulations of HKASA Registered Officials

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